Holidays in Austria’s Cultural Capital
Since 1 January 1997 the old town of Salzburg has a very special title: On that day, the Baroque old town of Salzburg was added to the list of UNESCO world heritage sites. If you stand in front of the Salzburg Cathedral or the Mirabell Castle you will be amazed: These Baroque buildings and squares with opulent details invite you to a fascinating journey on the traces of prince-archbishops. The other sights in the old town, such as the Holy Trinity Church, the old and new residence, Klessheim Castle, the Royal Square and the Cathedral Square can all be reached on foot.
Especially during a summer holiday in the city of Salzburg, you should not miss a visit to Hellbrunn Castle – this architectonical treasure at the edge of the city fascinates guests with its huge park and the water play – a nice refreshment on hot days. A society highlight in summer is the Salzburg Festival, which takes place in July and August – the festival is traditionally opened with “Everyman”.
More detailed information provided by the Tourist Board
The capital of the province of Salzburg is the fourth-biggest city in Austria and, with its Baroque cupolas and churches, towered by the famous Hohensalzburg fortress, known as one of the most beautiful towns of the world.
The Illyrians gave the name "Iuvavum" ("seat of the Gods") to the city and the Celts and the Romans adopted it. In 696 the history of today´s city began, when St. Rupert founded the Abbey of St. Peter and Nonnberg Abbey. Under the rule of the Archdukes , the religious sovereigns of the country, the Fortress of Hohensalzburg was built and at the same time it became a Baroque residence. In 1816 Salzburg became a part of Austria and in 1920 capital of the Austrian province.
The city on the Salzach river owes its world fame to the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart who was born here in 1756. In 1870 an international foundation called "Stiftung Mozarteum" was founded and since 1920 the Salzburg Festival has been held annually.
The city of Salzburg, delightfully located on the shores of River Salzach, owes its fame to the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the musical "Sound of Music", and the Salzburg Festival.
Salzburg stands in a breathtaking setting and contains magnificent architectural treasures. The Baroque spires of the old town, with the Festung Hohen Salzburg (fortress) rising behind, are an unforgettable sight. The old town is a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site.
Festung Hohensalzburg, the landmark of Salzburg, is Central Europe´s largest intact fortress and offers fantastic views of the city. The nearby vast Salzburg Dom is without doubt the main attraction of the old town. Inside there is the Romanesque font where Mozart was baptized.
Another highlight is Schloss Mirabell with its splendid gardens built by the baroque master builder Lukas von Hildebrandt.
At the foot of Mönchsberg you will find the so-called Festival District with the two famous festival halls (architect: Clemens Holzmeister; 1956-1960) and the Felsenreitschule, a baroque masterpiece designed by Fischer von Erlach in 1693. South of the center of Salzburg´s old town is the popular Schloss Hellbrunn with the world-famous Wasserspiele section containing many ingenious trick fountains and water-powered figures.